Drywall Roll Forming Machines


Drywall roll forming machines are used to continuously bend and form metal or steel coils into customized drywall studs and track profiles. They offer an efficient automated solution for high volume drywall framing production.

Key details about drywall roll forming machines:

  • Also called stud and track roll formers
  • Form C-studs, U-channels, top and bottom tracks from coil strips
  • Range from basic 5-10 station to high speed 50 station machines
  • Roll widths up to 2.5 m, thicknesses up to 3 mm
  • Speeds from 10-100 m/min
  • Provide profiles as per design specifications
  • Reduces labor and improves flexibility compared to traditional framing
drywall roll forming machine
Drywall Roll Forming Machines 3

Drywall Framing System Overview

Drywall construction uses a framing system of metal vertical studs and horizontal tracks to create the interior wall framework. Drywall panels are then attached to the framing to build partitions.

  • Framing provides the structural support for drywall walls and ceilings
  • Made of galvanized steel for strength, fire safety, mold resistance
  • Channels and studs interlock through bent tabs to assemble framework
  • Sizes determined by building codes and load requirements
  • Spacing of studs is typically 16 or 24 inches on center

Key framing components produced by roll forming:

  • C-studs – C shaped vertical studs used to frame interior walls
  • Top and bottom tracks – U shaped channels that attach to floor and ceiling
  • Header tracks – Reinforced channels over openings like doors
  • Furring channels – Hat shaped strips used on ceilings

Drywall Roll Forming Machine Types

Machine TypeDescription
Basic Roll Former5-15 stations for simple profiles
High Speed Roll FormerUp to 50 stations for complex high speed forming
Stud and Track Roll FormerDesigned for drywall C-studs and tracks
Custom Roll FormerBuilt per profile specifications
Portable Roll FormerCompact machines with wheel assembly
Double Deck Roll FormerTwo independent forming lines
Servo Motor Roll FormerServo electric drive for speed and precision

Key Characteristics

  • Number of roll stations
  • Type of drive – servo vs regular motors
  • Level of automation and control features
  • Production speed and workflow
  • Rolling capacity – width, thickness, tensile strength
  • Changeover time for new profiles
  • Line integration options

Drywall Stud and Track Profile Specifications

Drywall roll forming lines produce studs and tracks as per the specs below:

C-StudsWidths of 2.5″, 3.625″, 6″ 
Thickness 20 to 25 gauge or 0.8 to 0.6 mm
Lengths up to 12 ft / 3.6 m
Galvanized steel grade G30 to G90
Top TrackU-channel 1.25″ width x 0.5″ deep
Thickness of 0.6 to 1 mm
1.625″ flange width also used
Bottom TrackU-channel 3.625″ width x 1.25″ deep
Thickness of 0.6 mm to 1 mm
Header TrackReinforced U-channel
Widths from 2.5″ to 6″
0.6 to 1 mm thickness

Key dimensions and tolerances per ASTM C645 standard. Galvanized per ASTM A653. Other metals like aluminum also used.

Profile Design Factors

  • C-stud web depth determines load capacity
  • Flange size based on drywall panel thickness
  • Track width suits stud web depth
  • Metal thickness balances weight and strength

Applications of Roll Formed Drywall Studs

Roll formed drywall studs and tracks are used in:

  • Interior wall framing for homes, offices, hotels etc.
  • Framing for hallways, storage rooms, garages
  • Shaft wall assemblies around elevators, stairs
  • Fire rated partition walls
  • Curtain wall framing with exterior glass facades
  • Furring channels on ceilings and soffits

Suitable for both:

  • Load bearing walls requiring strength
  • Non-load bearing partition framing

Used in new construction and renovations of:

  • Commercial buildings
  • Residential structures
  • Modular buildings

Drywall Roll Forming Machine Specifications

FeatureTypical Specifications
Forming Stations10 to 50 forming roll stations
Forming Speed10 to 100 m/min
DriveServo, geared motors
Roll WidthUp to 2500 mm
Material Thickness0.3 mm to 3 mm coils
Coil WeightUp to 2500 kg
Feed SystemPowered decoiler, straightener
AutomationPLC logic controls
Changeover Time30 min to 1 hour
Cutoff ControlFlying cutoff, stop-and-go shear
SafetyGuards, emergency stops
MaterialGalvanized steel, aluminum

Machines customized to suit production volumes, space constraints, budget etc. Components selected for precision, durability and efficiency.

Drywall Roll Forming Machine Design

Drywall roll formers have a modular in-line configuration for continuous production.

Show Image

Key sections:

  • Coil and Decoiler – Holds coil strip and feeds into line
  • Feed Roll System – Pulls strip through machine
  • Rolling Stations – Each station progressively forms the profile
  • Finishing – Cutoff, hole punching, marking
  • Controls – PLC and HMI for automation

Design optimized for:

  • Consistent forming across widths
  • Quick changeovers between profiles
  • Easy maintenance access
  • Precise tolerances
  • High uptime and reliability

Roll Forming Stations

The core of the machine with pairs of rolls to bend the strip.

  • 10-15 stations for standard profiles
  • Up to 50 stations for complex shapes
  • Roll shafts mounted on bearings on side frames
  • Upper rolls adjustable, lower fixed
  • Rolls machined and hardened for wear resistance
  • Independent drives for synchronization

Integrated Decoiler

  • Supplies pre-painted coil strips
  • Holds up to 5 tons of coil
  • Powered expansion mandrel
  • Multi-disc mechanical brake to control tension

Servo Feeding System

  • Hardened pinch rollers
  • Servo motors for precise feed rate
  • Speed sync with rolling stations
  • Prevent overfeeding and jamming

Automation Features

  • Allen-Bradley or Siemens control system
  • Touchscreen HMI panel for settings
  • Recipe storage for fast changeovers
  • Automatic speed control
  • Sensors to detect faults
  • Wireless remote control

Installation and Operation

Proper installation is key for smooth functioning of a drywall roll forming system.

  • Civil foundation as per machine loads
  • Incoming power supply with protection
  • Decoiler and machine bolt-down
  • Exhaust and cooling provisions
  • Trial runs to verify profiles

Routine operation involves:

  • Loading coils in decoiler
  • Threading coil strip through stations
  • Entering profile settings in HMI
  • Starting operation in jog mode
  • Monitoring forming and cutoff
  • Quality checks on finished products
  • Oil circulation for lubrication
  • Fast changeovers using recipes

Require trained technicians for:

  • Maintenance as per manual
  • Inspection and calibration
  • Roll adjustments
  • Troubleshooting faults
  • Mechanical and electrical repairs

Maintenance Tips

Regular maintenance improves uptime on a drywall roll former.

  • Clean stations and clear debris
  • Lubricate bearings and gears
  • Inspect wear on rolls
  • Check roll gaps and alignment
  • Verify electrical connections
  • Monitor drive motors and gearbox
  • Confirm filter integrity
  • Calibrate sensors and automation
  • Analyze blade sharpness in cutoff
  • Replace defective or worn components

Suppliers and Pricing

SupplierMachinePrice Range
ChinaBasic 5-10 station$8,000 – $15,000
India15-25 station former$30,000 – $60,000
TurkeyHigh speed 50 station$150,000 – $250,000
GermanyServo motor driven$200,000 – $500,000
USACustom profile former$250,000 – $1 Million
  • Local suppliers generally cheaper for small units
  • Quality consistency better with European and American suppliers
  • Used and reconditioned machines cost 30-50% less
  • Payback period typically 1 to 2 years

Pricing depends on:

  • Number of forming stations
  • Level of automation
  • Production speed and capacity
  • Material thickness capacity
  • Overall build quality and durability
  • Manufacturer’s brand and reputation
drywall roll forming machine
Drywall Roll Forming Machines 4

How to Select a Drywall Roll Forming Machine

Key aspects in selecting a drywall roll former:

  • Profiles – Stud and track sizes based on requirements
  • Capacity – Output volume in linear meters
  • Speed – Feet per minute rating
  • Quality – Consistent tolerance control
  • Automation – Ease of operation and changeovers
  • Rolling Specs – Compatible with material properties
  • Flexibility – Quick roll change ability
  • Standards – Certified design and safety
  • Support – Installation, training, maintenance
  • Supplier – Reliable with proven track record
  • Costs – Weigh capital and operating expenses

Check trial samples from machines to verify actual profile quality before purchase. Get references to confirm supplier reputation.

Pros and Cons of Roll Forming Drywall Framing


  • Highly productive and efficient
  • Low operational labor needs
  • Automated precision forming
  • Consistent quality profiles
  • Standard and custom sizes easily produced
  • Flexible design adjustments possible
  • Lower costs than traditional framing
  • Minimal wastage of materials
  • Safer working conditions


  • High initial capital investment
  • Complex shape limitations
  • Roll wear requiring maintenance
  • Noise and safety issues if unguarded
  • Skill needed for setup and operation
  • Coil changing downtime
  • Limited portability once installed

Drywall Framing Roll Forming vs Traditional Methods

Roll FormingTraditional Framing
Automated forming from coilsManual bending and cutting
Consistent tolerance controlVariability in individual pieces
Higher speed productionSlower fabrication
Low operational laborHigh installation labor
Minimal wastageMaterial scrap from cutting
Flexible profile changingFixed fabricated sizes
Lower long term costsCheaper initial cost

While traditional framing has a lower initial equipment cost, roll formed studs and tracks offer greater speed, precision, flexibility and lower overall costs. The automated process results in considerable labor and productivity benefits.

Drywall Roll Forming Machine FAQs

What materials can be roll formed into drywall studs and tracks?

  • Most commonly galvanized steel sheet coils
  • Also possible with aluminum, stainless steel and other metals
  • Requires ductile strips that hold shape after bending

What thickness coils work in these machines?

  • Typically operate on 0.3 mm to 3 mm thickness coils
  • 20 to 25 gauge or 0.8 to 0.6 mm optimal
  • Capacity depends on machine design

How many roll forming stations are needed?

  • Basic profiles possible with just 5-8 stations
  • Standard stud profiles need 10-15 stations
  • Complex shapes require up to 50 stations

What tolerances are achievable?

  • Roll formed profiles accuracy around +/- 0.5 mm
  • Machines with servo control get +/- 0.2 mm tolerance
  • For higher precision, secondary operations may be needed

How fast is the production rate?

  • Speeds range from 10 to 100 meters per minute
  • Typically 0.6 to 2 minutes to form a 12 ft length
  • Production rate depends on profile, thickness, speed

How quick are profile changeovers?

  • Basic machines need 1 – 2 hours
  • With automated presets changeovers take 15 – 30 minutes
  • Quick change ability depends on type of machine

What are the maintenance needs?

  • Cleaning stations, lubricating rolls
  • Inspecting wear on components
  • Replacing rollers and other parts
  • Keeping controls and electrics in good order

What safety aspects are important?

  • Machine guarding for moving parts
  • Emergency stop buttons in right positions
  • Sensors to stop on coil jam or overload
  • Worker training for safe operation

What factors affect the cost of these machines?

  • Number of forming stations
  • Type of motors and automation level
  • Production speed and capacity
  • Ease of size changeovers
  • Durability and overall quality

Drywall Framing Roll Forming Future Trends

Servo Control Adoption

  • Servo motors improve speed accuracy
  • Reduces stop-start adjustment downtime
  • Makes precision profiles easier

Advanced Sensor Integration

  • Inline sensors to detect defects
  • Monitoring of roll position and forming
  • Early fault prediction with analytics

Specialized Portable Lines

  • Compact portable roll formers
  • Flexible onsite production
  • Integration with mobile apps

Profile Optimization Software

  • Simulation software for design
  • AI to refine profile shapes
  • Reduced trial and error

Increased Automation

  • Reduced operator intervention
  • Quicker tool and profile changes
  • Monitoring and quality control automation


Drywall roll forming machines deliver an ideal combination of efficient automated production and flexible profiling ability for interior wall framing requirements. With forming stations ranging from 10 to 50, widths up to 2500 mm and speeds from 10 to 100 m/min, different specifications and budgets can be accommodated. Servo motor driven machines with advanced controls provide precision profiling and quick changeovers. Reputable global suppliers offer mature roll former technology that balances cost, quality and reliability. While roll formed studs and tracks have a higher initial investment than traditional framing, the increase in consistency, speed and lower operational costs make it a preferred choice for long term drywall construction needs.

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